The Potential of Surgical Robotics and two-leading giants who dominated robotic surgery in History.

Surgery is not a solved problem, but it's an evolving practice in which humans, technology, and business systems work together to deliver a service that does the best to help people with their physical conditions.

The Potential of Surgical Robotics and two-leading giants who dominated robotic surgery in History.

The global market for surgical robots will experience a compound annual growth rate of 10.4%, from $3.9 billion in 2018 to $6.5 billion by 2023.

Why robotic surgery are adopted over traditional surgery?

Laparoscopic Surgery:

In a traditional open surgery approach, your MedStar surgeon uses a large incision to perform the surgery.

Robotic Surgery:

It is similar to laparoscopic surgery in the respect that they both use small incisions, a camera, and surgical instruments.

There is a 50-50 ratio in the usage of both surgeries in hospitals. About 10 to 15% of cases are laparoscopic, up to 20% are robotic, but robotic is steaming more in medical history.

Important features to consider in the surgical robot process :

First Robotic Surgery :

The use of a robot-assisted surgical procedure occurred in 1985 when the PUMA 560 robotic surgical arm was used in a delicate neurosurgical biopsy, a non-laparoscopic surgery.

Surgical Robots Training:

But using surgical robots also has a training process for doctors and surgeons. The process involves a series of participation from the clinical setting, the robotic system used, and the regulations laid down by organizations like the U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA).

Surgical Robots Key functions:

There are three main types of robotic systems currently in use in the surgical arena.

Active systems:

It remains under the control of the operative surgeon and Active Systems are essentially autonomous and capable of carrying out a range of pre-programmed functions.

Semi-active systems :

Semi-active systems are also pre-programmed, but enable surgeons to assume a more hands-on approach to complement the robotic device.

Master-slave systems :

Master-slave systems are completely dependent on surgeons and do not possess any pre-programmed or autonomous functions. Such devices include laparoscopic surgical instruments, which closely reproduce surgeon hand movements while positioned inside the body.

Surgical Robots Deployment :

Deploying surgical robots to provide services to patients represents a significant strategic decision and investment.

Installations generally involve a huge investment in equipment to cover the purchase of robots, instrumentation, and supplies, as well as the configuration of the operating room and surgical department to optimize the use of devices.

Two leading companies in the history of surgical robots :

These two rival systems, ZEUS and DaVinci, went on to dominate the field of robotic surgery for a decade.

ZEUS platform:

It makes use of the voice-activated AESOP camera system. One of its three arms held the camera and a further two arms were used to hold surgical instruments.

Da Vinci platform:

A three to-four-armed system, with a central arm holding a binocular lens (for 3D vision). The da Vinci platform was the first to be used to undertake a cholecystectomy (Belgium 1997).

The ZEUS and da Vinci systems were effectively unified when Computer Motion and Intuitive Surgical merged in 2003. As a result, further innovations and improvements were centered on the da Vinci platform, which has subsequently dominated the world of robotic surgery for almost a decade

Managing Cost of Surgical Robots:

When it comes to costs, it is difficult to deny that the process of deploying surgical robots can sometimes be an expensive undertaking – with areas such as capital investment, maintenance, and training

  • One innovative method of managing the capital costs associated with surgical robots is through systems designed to facilitate the more efficient use of existing systems.
  • Another very interesting way to manage costs is via the use of ‘robots-as a-service’ (RaaS) systems, an emerging business model in which hospitals lease a device or pay for it on a ‘per-use’ basis, rather than buying it outright

The advantages of using a newly developed technology that will lead to improvements in patient care are often not realized until years or decades; but as technology has innovated distinctive medical areas, it has covered the spotlight for sure.

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